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Cancer Screening

Breast Cancer

According to statistics, women over the age of 50 are more likely to develop breast cancer. But in fact, adult women of any age have the chance to develop breast cancer, and one in 100 breast cancer patients is a male breast cancer patient. Finding breast cancer early makes a big difference.       _cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3d_cf58d_

In the past, Asian women had the lowest incidence of breast cancer in the world. However, in recent years, statistics show that the incidence of female breast cancer has risen sharply, especially among women under the age of 50.


Causes of Breast Cancer 

  • Family medical records 

  • women who have never given birth or have given birth later

  • Eating foods high in animal fat for a long time


Signs of breast cancer 

  • Hard lump in breast 

  • Nipple discharges, bleeds, or becomes pitted 

  • Underarm swelling or swollen lymph nodes


Breast Cancer Diagnosis

Breast Cancer Diagnosis Generally speaking, the earlier breast cancer is detected, the better the chance of cure. Most breast cancers can be detected early with:  

  • Breast ultrasound, a mammogram, can detect breast cancer before a breast lump is felt.

  • Pay attention to the breasts. If you don't know how to check your breasts, ask your doctor.  

  • Needle extraction tissue test

Breast Cancer Treatment

  • Surgery

  • Radiation Therapy

  • chemotherapy

  • hormone therapy

Cervical Cancer Screening

Cervical Cancer Screening

Cervical cancer is one of the most preventable and successfully treatable cancers. Most cervical cancers are caused by infection with certain high-risk types of HPV.



Asymptomatic persons with sexual experience should have regular cervical cancer screening


Ages 21-24 - People who have had HPV infection or have risk factors should start screening.

Ages 25-29 - Screening should be performed every 3 years after two consecutive normal Pap tests.

30-64 years - Screening should be done at least every 3 years after two consecutive normal Pap tests; or

- HPV testing every 5 years; or

- Combined testing (Pap smear and HPV test) every 5 years

Age 65 or older – Screening may be discontinued if routine tests within 10 years are normal

- If they have never had cervical cancer screening, they should do it right away.


risk factor

- Multiple sexual partners

- Premature sex

- Co-infection with other sexually transmitted diseases

- smokes

- People with low immunity

- Long-term use of oral contraceptives for 5 years or more

- Too many deliveries, or too young for the first pregnancy


Reduce your chances of getting cervical cancer

- Get HPV vaccine

- practice safer sex (eg use condoms and avoid having multiple sex partners)

- Avoid smoking

Bowel Cancer

Bowel Cancer

Colorectal cancer Screening

Colorectal cancer is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum. It is the second most common cancer in Hong Kong. Individual age above 50 years are at risk for developing colorectal cancer.

Asymptomatic case




Those experiencing these symptoms should consider colonoscopy 

  • Blood in stool

  • Unexpected weight lost

  • Mucus in stool

  • Abdominal pain

  • Anemia

  • Change in bowel habit

Family history of colorectal cancer

History of inflammatory bowel disease

Familial adenomatous polyposis

Liver Cancer( Hep B Carrier)

Liver Cancer

There are significantly more male liver cancer patients than female liver cancer patients, and the average age of onset of liver cancer is 60 to 65 years old.
Causes of liver cancer

  • Hepatitis B can cause liver cancer

  • alcoholism

  • Hepatitis C

  • Moldy foods, especially peanuts and cereals

liver cancer symptoms

  • weight loss

  • loss of appetite

  • nausea and lethargy

  • Epigastric discomfort or abdominal pain

  • bloating (fluid in the stomach)

  • Yellowish skin and whites of eyes, itchy skin

  • White, chalk-like stool

Liver Cancer Diagnosis

  • Blood alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) Alpha-fetoprotein is a marker of cancer and can help diagnose early liver cancer

  • Ultrasound of the abdomen

  • computer scan

  • Liver cancer biopsy

Prevention of liver cancer

Early detection of liver cancer is very important. Hepatitis B carriers should undergo regular blood tests for alpha-fetoprotein testing and liver ultrasound examinations.

lung cancer

Lung Cancer

The only recommended screening test for lung cancer is low-dose CT thorax. Screening is recommended only for adults who have no symptoms but are at high risk.

Who Should Be Screened?

 yearly lung cancer screening with LDCT for people who—

    •    a person could have a 20 pack-year history by smoking one pack a day for 20 years or two packs a day for 10 years.
   •    Smoke now or have quit within the past 15 years, and
   •    Are between 50 and 80 years old.

Risk factors 

    •    Smoking or secondhand smoke 
   •    Exposure to radon, asbestos, arsenic 
   •    Previous radiation therapy 
   •    Air pollution 
   •    Personal or family history of lung cancer


    •    Cough 
   •    Blood stain sputum 
   •    Chest pain
   •    Hoarseness 
   •    Loss of appetite 
   •    Unexplained weight lost
   •    Shortness of breath
   •    Fatigue 
   •    Persistence lung infection 
   •    Bone pain
   •    Swelling lymph node

coming soon
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