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Hypertension

What is hypertension?
Hypertension is an elevation of the arterial blood pressure above the normal range. It can
be affected by sezson, time, stress, exercise, smoking, exercise and coffee.
Therefore, the blood pressure should be measured more than one time and
the patient should sit for at least half an hour before testing blood pressure.

Normal Blood Pressure

Essential - 95% case is unknown

Other causes      kidney disease 
                               adrenal tumour 
                               artery disease ( coarctation of the aorta)

 

Symptoms of Hypertension

 

Symptoms of Hypertension

Headache
Dizziness
Chest tightness
Tinnitus

 

Treatment of Hypertension

 

Modification of lifestyle

Cease smoking
Decrease alcohol intake
Loss Weight
Exercise
Relax

 

Medical Treatment

Diuretics
Beta-blocker
methydopa
ACEI

 

Surgical Treatment

 

Removal of Adrenal tumour

 

Regular monitoring of blood pressure is essential for patient with hypertension